|27 Jul 2009 @ 09:49, by John Grieve|
Magnetism and Coherence
In an article written a few years ago entitled "Taoism and Confucianism" I contrasted those two philosophies and put forward the opinion that Taoism addresses the essence of a situation or problem while Confucianism is happy to present countless superficial, partial and secondary aspects of it.
I am now applying this insight to the problem of magnetism and seeking a simple explanation which gets to the essence of it. There is no lack of knowledge or data about it; in fact there's probably too much. If you read an article on magnetism in the encyclopaedia it fills dozens of pages and is full of graphs and detailed information. The essence of what magnetism is, however, has eluded scientists. A few months ago in an article entitled "Laser Light, Magnetism and superconductivity" I put forward a tentative hypothesis that magnetism is in fact connected to coherence. In this present article I am developing and clarifying this view-point.
When the truth about something cannot be found it sometimes suggests that our basic assumptions are not completely correct. In my standard chemistry text book it states, on the subject of electrovalence:
"Since free elements are not combined with other elements, elements in the free state have a valence number of zero."
What this is implying is that an element only exchanges electrons when it combines with other elements to form compounds. This seems self-evident yet in the unique case of magnetism it may not be true, as I will seek to demonstrate.
Now the three elements which are magnetic are very unusual; they are the consecutive elements in the periodic table of Iron(26), Cobalt(27) and Nickel(28). The numbers are the atomic numbers and relate to the number of electrons each element possesses. These belong to what are called the "Transition Elements" and have unusual properties, as the same text book describes:
"The transition and rare-earth elements also form ions. However, because both their outermost and second outermost shells are unfulfilled, they give up not only their outermost electrons to form ions but they may also give up some electrons from their second outermost shell as well. Thus it is common to find these elements forming two or more different positive ions."
Iron with 26 electrons has 2 in the outermost shell and 14 in the second outermost. Cobalt has 2 and 15 and Nickel has 2 and 16 respectively. Now as you may recall these two shells can both contain a maximum of 18 electrons each, but both are incomplete.
Now this suggests something very unusual to me. What it suggests is something I will call Auto-Valence. That is, in a solid material such as iron, it is possible for it to exchange electrons within itself, because of these two incomplete shells, so that it becomes ionized. The "auto-valence" would mean that electrons in an outer shell of some atoms would be borrowed by the second outermost shell of other atoms to produce full shells. But in the process it would leave the material as a whole polarised into ions. That means that parts of it become negatively charged and others positively charged.
This is completely consistent with what we know about magnets. This would confirm, in a very direct way, that magnetism is just an unusual example of electricity,of electric behaviour, as the term electromagnetism implies.
This also suggests that when a piece of metal is magnetized, the whole thing is coherent and self-similar in that the ionized parts are all aligned in exactly the same way. The atoms are all identical. And you can cut it repeatedly in half, in a self-similar way, to reproduce the magnet on smaller and smaller scales.
This "Auto-Valence" suggests that there are at least two configurations in which the particles of these magnetic elements can exist, and that at least one configuration is not electrically neutral; leading to the properties of attraction and repulsion and all the other fascinating attributes which magnets possess.
27 Jul 2009 @ 22:25 by : Hmm.
Maybe magnetisim is anti-radiation, and further down the scale, in its weaker form it becomes Gravity, and that all forms of radiation exist, or maybe, magnetisim is just another form of light, somewhere on a spectrum. That it might be posable to have magnetic radio waves.
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