"There is no telling to what extremes of cruelty and ruthlessness a man will go when he is freed from the fears, hesitations, doubts and the vague stirrings of decency that go with individual judgement. When we lose our individual independence in the corporateness of a mass movement, we find a new freedom- freedom to hate, bully, lie, torture, murder and betray without shame and remorse. Herein undoubtedly lies part of the attractiveness of a mass movement." --- Eric Hoffer
"The path of least resistance and least trouble is a mental rut already made. It requires troublesome work to undertake the alternation of old beliefs. Self-conceit often regards it as a sign of weakness to admit that a belief to which we have once committed ourselves is wrong. We get so identified with an idea that it is literally a "pet" notion and we rise to its defense and stop our eyes and ears to anything different." --- John Dewey
Effects of ill-advised CIA plot in Iran still haunts U.S.
By John M. Crisp
11/27/06 -- - - (SH) - Now that Iran looms on our horizon, here's a story that every American should know. Journalist Sandra Mackey tells it in "The Iranians," as does Daniel Yergin in "The Prize," his monumental history of oil. But the best extended version of the story that I've read is in "All the Shah's Men" by Stephen Kinzer. Although other historians have told this story as well, I suspect that the average American has never heard of Mohammad Mossadegh and Operation Ajax. To make a long story short:
Kinzer says that democracy dawned in Iran in 1891 when the shah's wives - he had a harem of around 1,600 - gave up smoking in protest of the shah's sale of the tobacco concession to the British. In fact, the shah, Nasir al-Din, sold concessions of all sorts - mineral rights, railroads, banks - to foreigners in order to support his extravagant tastes. But the shah's son committed an even greater treachery on his own country by selling the oil concession to William Knox D'Arcy in 1901, granting exclusive rights to Iranian petroleum to the British for a period of 60 years.
The unfavorable terms of this concession, as well as many other abuses of monarchial power, led to the Iranian Revolution of 1905, the diminishment of the shah's power, the establishment of a parliament and the beginnings of a democratic tradition in Iran. In the meantime, D'Arcy discovered oil, a resource that suddenly became enormously valuable when Britain converted its coal-burning warships to oil just before World War I.
Naturally, the British favored a friendly, compliant monarchy to balance the power of the parliament, which might have other ideas about the extremely unfavorable terms of the petroleum concession. They found their man in Reza Khan and staged a coup in 1921. Reza soon became the shah, a dictatorial leader who suppressed the parliament and fathered Mohammad Reza, who Americans know as the shah of Iran.
The succession of Mohammad Reza, a weak leader with the personality of a playboy, provided an opportunity for the parliament to reassert power in Iran, which it did, under the leadership of Mohammad Mossadegh, a well-educated eccentric who had opposed the shah for many years. By 1951, Mossadegh was the prime minister, and he had emerged as an international spokesman for a global wave of anti-colonial nationalism. He addressed the United Nations and appeared on the cover of "Time" magazine. When Britain refused to renegotiate the exploitative terms of its oil concession, Iran nationalized the petroleum industry, to Britain's great consternation.
The British hinted at an armed invasion and planned a coup, but were unable to acquire the cooperation of President Truman, who had more sympathy for the emerging nationalism of the former colonies than for the old colonial powers. Things changed, however, when Eisenhower became president in 1952. The Dulles brothers, John Foster as secretary of State and Allen as CIA director, both devoted anti-Communists, convinced Eisenhower to support a coup that would depose Mossadegh and restore the power of the shah to stand as a bulwark against the U.S.S.R.
Operation Ajax, planned and financed by the CIA and orchestrated by Kermit Roosevelt, grandson of Teddy Roosevelt, was pulled off in August 1953. Hundreds died. Mossadegh was sent to prison for three years and spent the last 11 years of his life under house arrest. Supported by the U.S., the shah became a dictator who controlled Iran with secret police and terror until he was deposed in 1979, when, some historians believe, the U.S. hostages were taken in order to prevent another restoration of the Shah, like the one that occurred in 1953.
Although most Americans never knew or have forgotten this story, many Iranians have not, and the effects of Operation Ajax persist. But the point of the story isn't to berate ourselves over an unseemly intervention into Iran more than 50 years ago. We should note, however, that the story implies that the current radical regime in Iran isn't inevitable, nor does it enjoy the support of all Iranians. Our diplomacy should be careful not to weaken moderates by overly demonizing the leadership. As bad as its leadership is at present, the country itself isn't inherently evil and it retains echoes of a short-lived democratic tradition in its past.
John M. Crisp teaches in the English Department at Del Mar College in Corpus Christi, Texas. Email: email@example.com.
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It Could Happen Here
By Gregory Meyerson and Michael Joseph Roberto
Daniel Ellsberg’s warning that another 9-11 event “or a major war in the Middle East involving a U.S. attack on Iran …will be an equivalent of a Reichstag fire decree,” involving massive detention of both Middle Easterners and critics of the policy, the latter deemed terrorist sympathizers.
1 Dec 2006 @ 00:59 by : And...
Why do I think that anyone cares? Well, none of it matters anyway for, after all is said and done, superflous is the subject... like the evening news and, commerce.
Our seperate, individual, lives are so beyond the world game. Hope you aren't caught up in it.
1 Dec 2006 @ 05:34 by ashanti : Heh
We've seen it ten thousand times or more......
Superfluous flotsam, jetsam, attention grabbers, mindless babble, to distract from the almost completed mutation into Panopticon.
I had a dream the other night - in another dimension, loads of psychic "nets" are being thrown down - they had silvery thread, and knotted with silver knots, very fine, thrown over loads of groups of people - to capture their psyches......
Well heck, hardly rocket science, but it was an interesting live view......
btw, short update under "Is there life on Mars..."
Wow! Yes, I have certainly felt their ''nets.'' Way beyond the RHIC-EDOM fantasies of the Herr Doktor Greens of this world... there are many of them. Herr Doktor Blacks as well...
Your mentioning the state of the state of Sud Afrika is certainly a terrible foreboding. Arslycus all over again. Time to pull that plug but El Ron and Astar P. seem to be back with the council hopefully stirring up some real theta to counter the enthetical patronage this dour scene seems to cater to...
I'm so happy that you are back. A real uplifting for me to see that you are out of the hot water, so to speak, and doing well as can be expected.
I'll check out the update and thanks a million for your patronage dear KB. Miss you...
PS: KB please tell me where "Is there life on Mars..." can be found. It would seem that I'm being Black Cubed into some dark miasma and that some pretty strong SPs are fogging my brain mind body being etc., complex of matrices.
:-) Sidebar. Yours. Right-hand side.
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6 Apr 2015 @ 04:47 by @126.96.36.199 : It has been part of their tradition to f
It has been part of their tradition to fight no matter if it will take their lives.
5 Jan 2017 @ 04:25 by Carlos Byrd @188.8.131.52 : bcarlos123